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 Sprinkler irrigation is a popular irrigation method in Kenya. It is widely used in agriculture, sports fields, parks, and gardens. This article will provide an overview of sprinkler irrigation, sprinklers in Kenya, sprinklers prices in Kenya, sprinkler systems, sprinkler prices, sprinkler irrigation system prices, sprinkler heads types, sprinkler stands, and how to choose the right sprinkler for your needs.

Sprinkler Irrigation in Kenya

Sprinkler irrigation is a type of irrigation that involves the application of water to crops or plants through overhead sprinklers. The water is sprayed in the form of droplets, and it falls onto the plants or crops. The advantage of sprinkler irrigation is that it is a more efficient way of watering crops than other irrigation methods, such as flood irrigation. It is also more convenient and can save time and water.

Sprinklers in Kenya

There are different types of sprinklers available in Kenya, including impact sprinklers, rotor sprinklers, and spray sprinklers. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the choice will depend on the specific needs of the user. Impact sprinklers are the most commonly used type of sprinkler in Kenya. They are durable and can cover a large area. Rotor sprinklers are ideal for large areas, while spray sprinklers are best for smaller areas.

Sprinklers Prices in Kenya

The price of sprinklers in Kenya varies depending on the type of sprinkler, the brand, and the supplier. Impact sprinklers can cost between Ksh. 800 and Ksh. 2000, while rotor sprinklers can cost between Ksh. 2000 and Ksh. 5000. Spray sprinklers are the cheapest, with prices ranging from Ksh. 100 to Ksh. 500.

Sprinkler System

A sprinkler system is a network of pipes and sprinklers that work together to water crops or plants. The system is connected to a source of water, such as a borehole or a water tank. The water is pumped through the pipes and sprayed onto the crops or plants through the sprinklers. The advantage of a sprinkler system is that it is automated and can save time and water.


Sprinkler Irrigation System Price

The price of a sprinkler irrigation system in Kenya will depend on the size of the area to be irrigated, the type of sprinkler used, and the cost of installation. The cost of a sprinkler irrigation system can range from Ksh. 50,000 to Ksh. 500,000 or more.

Sprinkler Heads Type

There are different types of sprinkler heads available in Kenya, including full-circle, part-circle, and adjustable sprinkler heads. Full-circle sprinkler heads are ideal for large areas, while part-circle sprinkler heads are best for smaller areas. Adjustable sprinkler heads allow the user to adjust the spray pattern to suit the specific needs of the area being irrigated.

Sprinkler Stand

A sprinkler stand is a device that holds the sprinkler in place and ensures that it is at the correct height. The stand can be adjusted to suit the specific needs of the area being irrigated. The advantage of a sprinkler stand is that it ensures that the water is applied evenly and efficiently.

How to Choose the Right Sprinkler for Your Needs

If you are looking to irrigate your crops, sports fields, parks, or gardens in Kenya, you will need to choose the right sprinkler for your needs. There are different types of sprinklers available, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Here are some tips on how to choose the right sprinkler for your needs in Kenya.

Consider the Area to Be Irrigated

The first step in choosing the right sprinkler is to consider the area to be irrigated. If you have a large area, you will need a sprinkler that can cover a wide area. Impact sprinklers are ideal for large areas, as they can cover a radius of up to 90 feet. If you have a smaller area, such as a garden, a spray sprinkler may be more suitable, as it can cover a radius of up to 15 feet.

Think About the Water Pressure

The water pressure is an important factor to consider when choosing a sprinkler. Different sprinklers require different water pressures to operate efficiently. Impact sprinklers, for example, require a water pressure of at least 30 PSI, while spray sprinklers require a water pressure of at least 20 PSI. Make sure that the water pressure in your area is sufficient for the type of sprinkler you want to use.

Choose the Right Type of Sprinkler Head

There are different types of sprinkler heads available, including full-circle, part-circle, and adjustable sprinkler heads. Full-circle sprinkler heads are ideal for large areas, while part-circle sprinkler heads are best for smaller areas. Adjustable sprinkler heads allow you to adjust the spray pattern to suit the specific needs of the area being irrigated.

Consider the Type of Soil

The type of soil in your area is also an important factor to consider when choosing a sprinkler. If you have heavy clay soil, for example, you may need a sprinkler that applies water slowly, to prevent runoff. If you have sandy soil, on the other hand, you may need a sprinkler that applies water quickly, to prevent the water from seeping too deep into the soil.

Choose a Sprinkler That Is Easy to Maintain


It is important to choose a sprinkler that is easy to maintain. Make sure that the sprinkler is made from durable materials that can withstand the elements, such as UV rays, rain, and wind. Look for sprinklers that are easy to clean and that have replaceable parts.

Consider the Cost

Finally, consider the cost of the sprinkler. The price of sprinklers in Kenya varies depending on the type of sprinkler, the brand, and the supplier. Impact sprinklers can cost between Ksh. 800 and Ksh. 2000, while rotor sprinklers can cost between Ksh. 2000 and Ksh. 5000. Spray sprinklers are the cheapest, with prices ranging from Ksh. 100 to Ksh. 500. Choose a sprinkler that is within your budget, but make sure that it meets your specific needs.


Benefits of Sprinkler Irrigation in Kenya:

 

Rain gun sprinkler in Kenya

  • Efficient utilization of water resources to boost agricultural economy
  • Uniform application of water on the farm to minimize wastage
  • Suitable for land with steep slopes and helps control soil erosion
  • Automation of system controls amount of water used, making it cost-friendly and easy to operate
  • Reduced infestation of pests and diseases
  • Consistently maintained soil moisture and uniform germination of seeds
  • Soluble fertilizers, insecticides and herbicides can be mixed with water and applied simultaneously
  • Cools crops during high temperatures
Types of Sprinkler Irrigation Systems in Kenya:
  • Rotating or revolving sprinkler systems: have revolving nozzles that spray water in their axis at 360 degrees at a rotation speed of about 1 revolution per minute
  • Perforated sprinkler systems: consists of nozzles mounted to a portable lateral unit to distribute water at a uniform rate
Limitations of Sprinkler Irrigation in Kenya:
  • Mostly used in large-scale farming and windy conditions tend to interfere with the uniformity of sprinkling
  • Uncontrolled irrigation can lead to flooding, dampness and soil erosion
  • Requires high initial capital and expert knowledge to operate
  • High water loss due to evaporation compared to drip irrigation
  • Sediments can clog nozzles
  • Wet foliage can increase risk of disease infestation and affect ripening of fruits and flowering
Current Situation of Sprinkler Irrigation in Kenya:
  • Increase in yield and water saved when using sprinkler irrigation
  • Slow growth of sprinkler irrigation due to the dynamics of technology and better irrigation methods
  • All sectors coming together to increase efforts on adoption of water-saving technology to avoid water scarcity in the future
Conclusion

Choosing the right sprinkler for your needs in Kenya is important for efficient and effective irrigation. Consider the area to be irrigated, the water pressure, the type of sprinkler head, the type of soil, the ease of maintenance, and the cost when making your choice. By following these tips, you can choose a sprinkler that will meet your specific needs and help you achieve your irrigation goals.

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